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RESTORE DATABASE

Info

In SingleStore Managed Service, backing up or restoring a database to/from a local filesystem is not supported. Also, in SingleStore Managed Service, making or restoring an incremental backup is not supported.

Restores a database from a binary backup file.

Syntax

Restore from a Local or Network Drive

RESTORE [DATABASE] db_name FROM "backup_path" [WITH FILE incr_backup_id] [sync_options] [(OPTION resource_pool = resource_pool_name)]

sync_options:
    WITH {SYNC | ASYNC} DURABILITY
  | WITH {SYNC | ASYNC} REPLICATION
  |	WITH {SYNC | ASYNC} DURABILITY {SYNC | ASYNC} REPLICATION

Restore From S3

RESTORE [DATABASE] db_name FROM S3 "bucket/path" [CONFIG configuration_json] CREDENTIALS credentials_json [WITH FILE incr_backup_id] [sync_options] [(OPTION resource_pool = resource_pool_name)]

configuration_json:
'{"region":"your_region",
  "endpoint_url":"http://other_endpoint"}'

credentials_json:
'{"aws_access_key_id": "replace_with_your_access_key_id",
  "aws_secret_access_key": "replace_with_your_secret_access_key",
  ["aws_session_token": "replace_with_your_temp_session_token",]
  ["role_arn":"replace_with_your_role_arn"]
}'

sync_options:
    WITH {SYNC | ASYNC} DURABILITY
  | WITH {SYNC | ASYNC} REPLICATION
  |	WITH {SYNC | ASYNC} DURABILITY {SYNC | ASYNC} REPLICATION

Restore From an S3 Compatible Storage Provider

RESTORE [DATABASE] db_name FROM S3 "bucket/path" [CONFIG configuration_json] CREDENTIALS credentials_json [WITH FILE incr_backup_id] [sync_options] [(OPTION resource_pool = resource_pool_name)]

configuration_json:
'{"endpoint_url":"http://storage_provider_endpoint"}'

credentials_json:
'{"aws_access_key_id": "replace_with_your_access_key_id",
  "aws_secret_access_key": "replace_with_your_secret_access_key"
}'

sync_options:
    WITH {SYNC | ASYNC} DURABILITY
  | WITH {SYNC | ASYNC} REPLICATION
  | WITH {SYNC | ASYNC} DURABILITY {SYNC | ASYNC} REPLICATION

Restore From Google Cloud Storage

RESTORE [DATABASE] db_name FROM GCS "bucket/path" [CONFIG configuration_json] CREDENTIALS credentials_json [WITH FILE incr_backup_id] [sync_options] [(OPTION resource_pool = resource_pool_name)]

configuration_json:
'{}'

credentials_json:
'{"access_id": "replace_with_your_google_access_key",
  "secret_key": "replace_with_your_google_secret_key"
}'

sync_options:
    WITH {SYNC | ASYNC} DURABILITY
  | WITH {SYNC | ASYNC} REPLICATION
  | WITH {SYNC | ASYNC} DURABILITY {SYNC | ASYNC} REPLICATION

See the remarks for details on the aws_access_key_id and aws_secret_access_key.

Restore from Azure blobs

RESTORE [DATABASE] db_name FROM AZURE "container/blob-prefix" CREDENTIALS credentials_json [WITH FILE incr_backup_id] [sync_options] [(OPTION resource_pool = resource_pool_name)]

credentials json:
'{"account_name": "your_account_name_here",
  "account_key": "your_account_key_here"
}'

sync_options:
    WITH {SYNC | ASYNC} DURABILITY
  | WITH {SYNC | ASYNC} REPLICATION
  |	WITH {SYNC | ASYNC} DURABILITY {SYNC | ASYNC} REPLICATION

Remarks

  • db_name is the name of the SingleStore DB database to restore to.
  • resource_pool_name is optional. It is the name of the resource pool where the restore operation runs.
  • If you wish to restore the backup of one database into a differently-named database, you can do so by specifying the full path to the old database’s .backup file in backup_path for local backups or path for S3 or prefix-key for Azure blobs. For example, you can do BACKUP DATABASE db TO './path/' followed by RESTORE DATABASE newdb FROM './path/db.backup'. See the Examples section for examples.
  • The RESTORE command replays a binary backup file in the same manner in which SingleStore DB recovers a database snapshot during startup.
  • WITH {SYNC | ASYNC} REPLICATION specifies, following the database restore, whether high availability, redundancy-2 replication will be done synchronously or asynchronously. Synchronous replication from the master partitions will complete on all replicas before the commit of the transaction is acknowledged to the client application. If {SYNC | ASYNC} REPLICATION is not specified, the replication setting from the database specified in the backup_path or bucket/path, or container/blob-prefix is used.
  • WITH {SYNC | ASYNC} DURABILITY specifies, following the database restore, whether in-memory database updates you make using DDL and DML commands are also saved to the log on disk synchronously or asynchronously. Synchronous updates to the log on disk will complete before the commit of the transaction is acknowledged to the client application. If WITH {SYNC | ASYNC} DURABILITY is not specified, the durability setting from the database specified in the backup_path or bucket/path, or container/blob-prefix is used.
  • You cannot specify WITH SYNC DURABILITY ASYNC REPLICATION.
  • A RESTORE operation temporarily puts the database being restored into the recovering snapshot state. A database in this state cannot be queried. When the RESTORE command finishes, it puts the database into the online state. (see the Database topic for more information).
  • This command must be run on the master aggregator node (see Node Requirements for SingleStore DB Commands).
  • [WITH FILE backup_id] restores an incremental backup with the incr_backup_id that was assigned to the backup when it was taken.
Warning

SingleStore DB does not support restoring database backups from a newer version of SingleStore DB into an older version.

Local Restore Remarks

  • backup_path is the path used in BACKUP DATABASE .
  • The path backup_path needs to be accessible by the memsqld process. Paths are resolved relative to the memsqlbin/data directory.

Restore from S3

  • aws_session_token is optional. This is only needed if your AWS account uses the AWS Security Token Service.
  • role_arn is optional. This is only needed if your AWS security is setup to require a role.
  • endpoint_url is optional.
  • You should not specify the compatibility_mode setting, as you would when restoring from Google Cloud Storage using the S3 interface.

Restore From an S3 Compatible Storage Provider

  • RESTORE ... FROM S3 with the endpoint_url set to the URL of the S3 compatible storage provider restores an S3 compatible backup from the storage provider.
  • aws_access_key_id is optional. It is the access key id for accessing the storage provider.
  • aws_secret_access_key is optional. It is the secret access key for accessing the storage provider.
  • You should not specify the compatibility_mode setting, as you would when restoring from Google Cloud Storage using the S3 interface.

Restore From Google Cloud Storage

  • The CONFIG clause may optionally specify an endpoint_url.
  • The CREDENTIALS clause is required
  • We support only HMAC keys
  • The CREDENTIALS clause should be a JSON with two fields:

access_id: usually a 24 or 60 character alphanumeric string, which is linked to the Google account, typically all uppercase and starts with GOOG.

secret_key: usually a 40 character Base-64 encoded string that is linked to a specific access_id.

Restore from Azure

  • The time limit given to download a file from Azure is 30 minutes. This should be sufficient for most files at most download speeds. If that is not sufficient to download a file, you may get an error saying “truncated tar archive”, in which case you may want to check your connection and retry the operation.

Examples

Restore an Incremental Backup

The Backing Up and Restoring Data topic provides an example of restoring an incremental backup.

All of the examples shown below restore full backups.

Restore from a Local Drive

The following example restores from the /var/lib/memsql/data/ directory.

RESTORE DATABASE memsql_demo FROM "./";

Restore from S3

The following example restores from an S3 bucket.

RESTORE DATABASE memsql_demo FROM S3 "backup_bucket/backups/6_1_2018"
  CONFIG '{"region":"us-east-1"}'
  CREDENTIALS '{"aws_access_key_id":"replace_with_your_access_key_id","aws_secret_access_key":"replace_with_your_secret_access_key"}';

The following example restores a database(memsql_demo) from an S3 bucket to a database with a different name(new_memsql_demo).

RESTORE DATABASE new_memsql_demo FROM S3 "backup_bucket/backups/6_1_2018/memsql_demo.backup"
  CONFIG '{"region":"us-east-1"}'
  CREDENTIALS '{"aws_access_key_id":"replace_with_your_access_key_id","aws_secret_access_key":"replace_with_your_secret_access_key"}';

Restore From Google Cloud Storage using the S3 Interface

The following example uses the S3 interface to restore from a Google Cloud Storage bucket.

RESTORE DATABASE memsql_demo FROM S3 "backup_bucket/backups/12_15_2019"
  CONFIG '{"compatibility_mode":true,"endpoint_url":"https://storage.googleapis.com"}'
  CREDENTIALS '{"aws_access_key_id":"replace_with_your_google_access_key","aws_secret_access_key":"replace_with_your_google_secret_key"}';

Restore from Azure

The following example restores from an Azure Container.

RESTORE DATABASE memsql_demo FROM AZURE "backup_container/backups/6_1_2018" CREDENTIALS '{"account_name":"your_account_name_here","account_key": "your_account_key_here"}';

The following example restores a database(memsql_demo) from an Azure container to a database with a different name(new_memsql_demo).

RESTORE DATABASE new_memsql_demo FROM AZURE "backup_container/backups/6_1_2018/memsql_demo.backup" CREDENTIALS '{"account_name":"your_account_name_here","account_key": "your_account_key_here"}';

Restore with sync durability and sync replication

The following example restores from the local disk with sync durability and sync replication.

RESTORE DATABASE memsql_demo FROM "./" WITH SYNC DURABILITY SYNC REPLICATION;

Restore Using a Resource Pool

The following example restores a database to /my-backup-dir, using an existing resource pool general.

RESTORE DATABASE memsql_demo FROM "/my-backup-dir" (OPTION resource_pool = general);

Common Errors

A common error is giving incorrect paths to the backup files to restore command. The path that you give to the RESTORE command should match the path that you gave to the BACKUP command, unless you are restoring to a database with a different name in S3 or Azure restore, in which case, /old_database_name.backup should be appended to your restore path.