Flexible Parallelism

SingleStore supports Flexible Parallelism, which allows multiple cores on the same node to access the same database partition. To use Flexible Parallelism, it must be enabled prior to database creation.

With Flexible Parallelism, as database partitions are created they are divided into sub-partitions. As a query runs on a leaf node, multiple cores working on behalf of the query can process different sub-partitions of a partition in parallel.

As an example, if you are currently at one partition per core with Flexible Parallelism, doubling the size of your workspace and then rebalancing will result in two cores for each partition. As a result, a simple query that scans and aggregates all the data in a single partition will now execute more quickly than it did before.

Typically, analytic or hybrid transactional/analytic workloads will gain some benefits from Flexible Parallelism, especially over time as you add more hardware and rebalance workspaces. Strictly OLTP workloads will tend to not benefit from enabling Flexible Parallelism.

As you add cores to your SingleStore system, you can reach a point where you have more cores than database partitions on each leaf node. Without Flexible Parallelism, there is a limit of one core accessing each database partition; therefore, the maximum ratio of cores to partitions is 1:1. This can lead to a kind of bottleneck as you can have idle cores on a node where you have queries accessing a single partition.


When Flexible Parallelism is enabled, all new databases created will use Flexible Parallelism. Existing databases use the maximum of one thread per partition. You cannot enable or disable Flexible Parallelism on existing databases.

Flexible Parallelism is enabled by default for new workspaces in SingleStore Helios with the following settings:

  • One physical partition per leaf core at database creation time

  • 16 sub-partitions per physical partition

  • One thread per leaf core

If you’re an existing customer who began using SingleStore Helios before May 2022, and wish to have Flexible Parallelism enabled for new databases, contact Support.

Last modified: January 12, 2024

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