JSON_SET_<type>

There is a group of three JSON functions, which sets the value of a given key in a JSON map or array. It requires the key path to exist and will only create the last key and value if it does not exist. It will not create the entire key path.

Maps are in the form:

{"item1":1, "item2":2, "item3": [3,4,5]}

And arrays are in the form:

[1, 2, 3]
  • JSON_SET_DOUBLE is for all numeric data. Javascript has only one numeric type.

  • JSON_SET_STRING is for all text and binary types.

  • JSON_SET_JSON is for all valid Javascript types, including true, false, JSON maps, and lists.

JSON_SET_<type>(json, keypath, value)

Arguments

  • json: a valid JSON map or array, or the name of a JSON column.

  • keypath: The path to the key to set value to (comma-separated list of dictionary keys or zero-indexed array positions).

  • value: the value to set

If the keyname does not exist in a map, it will be added. If it does exist, the value will be overwritten. If an array index is past the end of the array, intervening values will be set to NULL.

Return Value

  • The original json document, modified to set the specified key path to the specified value

  • SQL NULL if json is not a valid JSON map or array

json_compatibility_level

This function allow you to set values within a json document which return a new, logically modified document, while leaving the original document unchanged. The json_compatibility_level engine variable controls the behavior of the  json_set_<type> functions and specifies whether the function will create the key if it does not exist. The default value for json_compatibility_level is 7.8, which means that missing keys are not created. To change the behavior so that missing keys are created, set json_compatibility_level to 8.0.

Important

The default value for the json_compatibility_level behavior will change in an upcoming release. It is recommended to use level 8.0 for new development.

Examples

The following examples illustrate the output when  json_compatibility_level is set to 7.8.

SELECT JSON_SET_DOUBLE('{"a":1, "b":2}', 'z', 26) AS set_z;
+----------------------+
| set_z                |
+----------------------+
| {"a":1,"b":2,"z":26} |
+----------------------+

SELECT JSON_SET_DOUBLE('[1,2,3]', 4, 26) AS set_4;
+-----------------+
| set_4           |
+-----------------+
| [1,2,3,null,26] |
+-----------------+

SELECT JSON_SET_JSON('{"a":{"b":{"c": 1}}}', 'a', 'b', '[1,2,3]');
+------------------------------------------------------------+
| JSON_SET_JSON('{"a":{"b":{"c":1}}}', 'a', 'b', '[1,2,3]')  |
+------------------------------------------------------------+
| {"a":{"b":[1,2,3]}}                                        |
+------------------------------------------------------------+
SELECT JSON_SET_JSON('{"item1":null,"item2":[847,849]}', 'item1', 0, 'true') as item_numbers;

+----------------------------------------+
| item_numbers                           |
+----------------------------------------+
| {"item1":null,"item2":[847,849]}.      |
+----------------------------------------+
SELECT JSON_SET_JSON('[2,{"item2":false}]', 0, 'item2', null) as item_numbers;

+----------------------------+
| item_numbers               |
+----------------------------+
| [2,{"item2":false}]        |
+----------------------------+
SELECT JSON_SET_JSON('{"item1":{"912":913,"item2":0},"item3":[112,212,318],"item4":79}', 'item1', '0', 'x', 'true') as item_numbers;

+------------------------------------------------------------------+
| item_numbers                                                     |
+------------------------------------------------------------------+
| {"item1":{"912":913,"item2":0},"item3":[112,212,318],"item4":79} |
+------------------------------------------------------------------+

The following examples illustrate the output when  json_compatability_level is set to 8.0.

SELECT JSON_SET_JSON('{"item1":null,"item2":[847,849]}', 'item1', 0, 'true') as item_numbers;

+----------------------------------------+
| item_numbers                           |
+----------------------------------------+
| {"item1":{"0":true},"item2":[847,849]} |
+----------------------------------------+
SELECT JSON_SET_JSON('[2,{"item2":false}]', 0, 'item2', null) as item_numbers;

+-----------------------+
| item_numbers          |
+-----------------------+
| [{},{“item2”:false}]  |
+-----------------------+  
SELECT JSON_SET_JSON('{"item1":{"912":913,"item2":0},"item3":[112,212,318],"item4":79}', 'item1', '0', 'x', 'true') as item_numbers;

+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| item_numbers{“item1”:{“0":{“x”:true},“912":913,“item2”:0},“item3":[112,212,318],“item4”:79} |
+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

Notice

A JSON or Javascript null value is distinct from SQL NULL.